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My Struggle For An Education

My Struggle For An Education

Written by -Brooker T. Washington
Read-only in English without meaning
        One day, while (जबकि, के समय) at work in the coal mine (कोयले की खान), I happened (हुआ) to overhear (चुपके से सुनना) two miners (खान में काम करने वाले मजदूर) talking about a great school for colored (हब्शी, काले लोग, अश्वेत) people somewhere in Virginia. This was the first time that I had ever heard anything about any kind of school or college that was more pretentious (ख्यातिप्राप्त, प्रसिद्ध) than the little colored school in our town. As they went on describing the school, it seemed to me that it must be the greatest place on earth. Not even Heaven presented (दिया, प्रस्तुत किया) more attractions for me at that time than did the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, about which these men were talking. I resolved (दृढ निश्चय किया, संकल्प लिया) at once to go to that school, although (यद्यपि, हालाँकि) I had no idea where it was, or how many miles away, or how I was going to reach it. I was on fire constantly (हमेशा उत्तेजित रहा) with one ambition (अभिलाषा, दिली-इच्छा, and that was to go to Hampton. This thought was with me day and night.


         In the fall of 1872, I determined (दृढ-निश्चय) to make an effort to get there. My mother was troubled (परेशान, चिंतित) with a grave fear (बहुत बड़ा डर) that I was starting out (बाहर जाना, रवाना होना) on a, “wild-goose-chase (असंभव की खोज).” At any rate (चाहे जैसे, किसी भी कीमत पर), I got only a half-hearted (बेमन से, आधे मन से), consent (सहमति) from her that I might start. I had very little money with which to buy clothes and pay my travelling expenses (खर्चे). My brother John helped me all that he could; but, of course, that was not a great deal (बड़ी रकम, पर्याप्त).

         Finally (अंततः, आख़िरकार), the great day came, and I started for Hampton. I had only a small cheap (सस्ता) satchel (झोला, थैला) that contained (रखे था) the few articles (सामान, वस्तुएं) of clothing I could get. My mother at the time was rather (और भी ज्यादा) weak and broken in health. I hardly (बड़ी मुश्किल से) expected (आशा करता था) to see her again, and thus (इस प्रकार) our parting was all the more sad. She, however (फिर भी, हालाँकि), was very brave through it all.

       The distance from Malden to Hampton is about five hundred miles (मीलों). By walking (टहल कर), begging rides (सवारी मांग करके) both in wagons (घोडा-गाड़ी) and in the cars, in some way, after a      number of days, I reached the city of Richmond, Virginia, about eighty-two miles from Hampton. When I reached there, tired (थका हुआ), hungry (भूंखा) and dirty (गन्दा, मैला-कुचैला), it was late in the night.




       I had never been (नहीं रहा था) in a large city, and this rather (और भी) added to my misery मुसीबत). When I reached Richmond. I was completely out of money. I had not a single acquaintance (परिचित, जानने-पहचानने वाला) in the place; and, being unused (नव-सिखिया, अनभ्यस्त) to city ways, I did not know where to go, I asked at several (अनेक, कई) places for lodging (ठहरने के लिए) but they all wanted money, and that was what I did not have. Knowing nothing else (कुछ और) better to do, I walked the streets.




        I must have walked the streets till after midnight (मध्य-रात्रि). At last, I became so (बहुत) exhausted (थका हुआ) that I could walk no longer (अब और नही). I was tired, I was hungry, I was everything but discouraged (हतोत्साहित, हिम्मत हारना). Just about the time when I reached extreme (चरम-सीमा) physical (शारीरिक) exhaustion (थकान), I came upon a portion (हिस्सा) of a street where the board sidewalk (फूट-पाथ) was considerably (जान-बूझ करके) elevated (उठाया या उभरा गया था).I waited for a few minutes till (जब तक, तब तक) I was sure (निश्चित, आश्वस्त) that no passer-by (राहगीर, राही) could see me, and then crept (सरक गया) under the sidewalk and lay for the night on the ground, with my satchel of clothing for a pillow (तकिया). Nearly (लगभग) all night I could hear the tramp (ख़ट-पट) of feet over my head.




       The next morning I found myself somewhat (कुछ, थोडा-बहुत) refreshed (तरो-ताज़ा). But I was extremely (बेहद, बहुत ज्यादा) hungry. As soon as (जैसे ही) it became light enough (पर्याप्त) for me to see my surroundings (आस-पास, अपने चारो तरफ), I noticed (देखा) that I was near a large ship. It seemed (लगा, प्रतीत हुआ) to be unloading (खाली होना, सामान उतरना) a cargo (बण्डल) of pig-iron (कच्चा लोहा). I went at once (तुरंत) to the vessel (जहाज) and asked the captain to permit (अनुमति) me to help unload (खाली करना) the vessel in order to get money for food. The captain, a white man (गोरा, श्वेत), who seemed to be kind-hearted, consented (सहमति दे दी). I worked long enough to earn money for my breakfast; and it seems to me as I remember (याद करना) it now, to have been about the best breakfast that I have ever (कभी) eaten.

        My work pleased (खुश हुआ) the captain so well ( इतना ज्यादा, बहुत ज्यादा) that he told me that I could continue working for a small amount per day. This I was very glad (खुश) to do. I continued working on this vessel for a number of days. After buying food with my small wages (मजदूरी) there was not much left (बचता था) to pay my way to Hampton. In order to economize (मितव्ययी, कम खर्च) in every way possible, I continued to sleep under the sidewalk.

        When I had saved enough money with which to reach Hampton, I thanked the captain of the vessel for his kindness (उदारता), and started (चल पड़ा) again. Without any unusual (असाधारण) occurrence (घटना) I reached Hampton, with a surplus (बचत) of exactly (पूरा-पूरा) fifty cents with which to begin (शुरू करना) my education. The first sight (झलक) of the large, three-story brick (इंटों से बनी) school building seemed to have rewarded (पुरस्कृत) me for all that I had undergone (झेला, सहन किया) in order to reach the place. The sight of it seemed to give me new life.

       As soon as possible after reaching the grounds of the Hampton Institute (संस्था), I presented (पेश किया, प्रस्तुत किया) myself before the headteacher for assignment (दाखिला, नामांकन) to a class. Having been so long (बहुत लम्बे समय से) without proper food, a bath, and change of clothing, I did not, of course (बेशक), make a very favorable (अनुकूल, हितकारी) impression upon her. I could see at once that there were doubts (संदेह) in her mind about the wisdom of admitting me as a student. For some time she did not refuse (इनकार करना) to admit me, neither (न ही) did she decide in my favour (पक्ष में, हित में). I continued to linger (ठहरा रहा, डटा रहा) about her, and to impress (प्रभावित करना) her in all the ways I could with my worthiness (योग्यता, क़ाबलियत). In the meantime (उसी समय) I saw her admitting other students, and that added greatly to my discomfort (बेचैनी). I felt deep down (गहरी वेदना, मानसिक पीड़ा) in my heart, that I could do as well as they if I could only get a chance to show what was in me.

        After some hours had passed, the headteacher said to me, “The adjoining (बगल का) recitation (संगीत-कक्ष) room needs (जरूरत है) sweeping. (झाड़ू लगाने की) Take the broom (झाड़ू) and sweep it.”

       It occurred (लगा, सूझा) to me at once that here was my chance. Never did I receive (स्वीकार किया होगा) an order with more delight (आनंद).

      I swept the recitation room three times, then I got a dusting (पोंछा लगाने वाला) cloth, and I dusted (पोंछा) it four times (चार बार). All the woodwork (लकड़ी की वस्तुएं) around the walls, every bench, table, and desk (छोटी मेज), I went (पोंछा) over four times with my dusting cloth. Besides (इसके अतिरिक्त), every piece of furniture (लकड़ी से बने सामान) had been moved and every closet (आलमारी) and corner (कोना) in the room had been thoroughly (पूरी तरह से) cleaned. I had the feeling that in a large measure (काफी हद तक) my future depended (निर्भर था) upon the impression (छाप, प्रभाव) I made upon the teacher in the cleaning of that room. When I was through (कर चूका) I reported (सूचना दी) to the headteacher. She was a “Yankee” (यांक राज्य की रहने वाली) woman who knew just(तुरंत) where to look for dirt (धूल). She went into the room and inspected (जाँच-पड़ताल) the floor (फर्श) and closets; then she took her handkerchief (दस्ती, रूमाल) and rubbed (रगड़ी) it on the woodwork about the walls and over the table and benches. When she was unable (असफल रहीं) to find one bit of dirt on the floor or a particle (कण) of dust on any of the furniture, she quietly(शांत मन से, धीरे से ) remarked (बोलीं), “I guess you will do to enter(प्रवेश, दाखिला) this institution.”

       I was one of the happiest (सबसे ज्यादा खुश) souls on earth. The sweeping of that room was my college examination. I have passed several examinations since then, but I have always felt that this was the best one I ever passed.

हिन्दी में अनुवाद देखें

Thomas Hardy Important Questions (Part 1)

Thomas Hardy Important Questions (Part 1)

Select the correct option:

1- Thomas Hardy was died of

(a)- Tuberculosis

(b)- Cancer

(c)- Cholera

(d)- Pleurisy*

2- Who has classified Hardy’s novels under the heads: Pastoral Tragedies, Pastoral Comedies, Pastoral Romances and Pastoral Extravaganza?

(a)- Thomas Hardy

(b)- Hugh Walker

(c)- A. C. Rickett*

(d)- None of these

3- How classified Wessex novels under the heads: ‘Novels of character and Environment’, ‘Romances and Fantasies’ and ‘Novels of Ingenuity and Experiment’?

(a)- Hardy Himself*

(b)- Compton Rickett

(c)- Hugh Walker

(d)- None of these

4- Thomas Hardy’s religious beliefs are the mixture of:

(a)- Agnosticism and Spiritism*

(b)- Spiritualism

(c)- Tantrism

(d)- Agnosticism

5- Which novel is the result of Hardy’s courtship with his first wife? This is the only novel that is without the touch of his pessimism.

(a)- A Pair of Blue Eyes         

(b)- The Return of the Native

(c)- Far From the Madding Crowd*

(d)- None of these

6- This was the novel in which Hardy introduced Wessex. It became so popular that Hardy thought of pursuing a literary career and giving up architectural work. Which novel?

(a)- A Pair of Blue Eyes

(b)- Far From the Madding Crowd*

(c)- Mayor of Casterbridge

(d)- None of these

7- In a novel of Hardy two rivals for the same woman return to England and find that they are traveling on the train that carries her coffin. Which novel is this?

(a)- Desperate Remedies

(b)- Jude the Obscure

(c)- A Pair of Blue Eyes*

(d)- None of these

8- Thomas Hardy fell ill with pleurisy in December 1927. When did he die?

(a)- 11 February 1928

(b)- 11 December 1927

(c)- 11 March 1928

(d)- 11 January 1928*

9- What is the sub-title of Tess of the d’Urbervilles?

(a)- A Pure Woman: Faithfully Presented*

(b)- An Impure Woman: Unfaithfully Presented

(c)- An Impure Woman: Faithfully Presented

(d)- None of these

10- ‘Desperate Remedies’ was the result of the inspiration form:

(a)- Tennyson

(b)- Trollope

(c)- George Meredith*

(d)- None of these

11- Stephen Smith is a young architect who falls in love with Elfride, the blue eyed daughter of the Vicar. In which novel of Hardy does he appear?

(a)- Under the Greenwood Tree

(b)- A Pair of Blue Eyes*

(c)- Far From the Madding Crowd

(d)- None of these

12- A Pair of Blue Eyes, The Trumpet Major, Two on a Tower and The Well Beloved are included in:

(a)- Novels of Ingenuity and Experiment

(b)- The Last Novels

(c)- Romances and Fantasies*

(d)- None of these

13- In the novel ‘The Mayor of Casterbridge, there is the hay trusser who sells his wife Susan to Newson for five guineas in a fair held in Weyden Priors. Later he becomes the Mayor. Find him out.

(a)- Donald Farfrae

(b)- Michael Henchard*

(c)- Gabriel Oak

(d)- Jude

14- In the ‘Mayor of Casterbridge’ Lucetta Templeman, a Jersey girl comes to marry Henchard but marries his rival. Who is his rival in love and business?

(a)- Donald Farfrae*

(b)- Jude

(c)- Oak

(d)- None of these

15- After the death of Lucetta, Farfrae marries:

(a)- Sue

(b)- Tess

(c)- Elizabeth Jane*

(d)- Bathsheba

Thomas Hardy Objective Question (Part 2)

Thomas Hardy Objective Question (Part 2)

16- Who are the hero and heroine of the novel Jude the Obscure?

(a)- Farefree and Elizabeth

(b)- Lucetta and Henchard

(c)- Susan and Jude

(d)- Jude Fawley and Sue Bridehead*

17- Dick Dewy and Fancy Day appear in:

(a)- Under the Greenwood Tree*

(b)- A Pair of Blue Eyes

(c)- Far From The Madding Crowd

(d)- None of these

18- Bathsheba is the heroine of:

(a)- Desperate Remedies

(b)- Far From The Madding Crowd*

(c)- A pair of Blue Eyes

(d)- None of these

19- In the end of the novel, Bathsheba fell in love with Sergeant Troy and married him. But he deserts her. There is one lover named Boldwood who murdered Troy. With whom finally does she marry?

(a)- Gabriel Oak*

(b)- Henchard

(c)- Jude

(d)- None of these

20- Tess falls in love with Angel Clare who wants to marry her. She wants to tell about the sin before marriage. What does she do?

(a)- She writes a letter of confession*     

(b)- She communicates this over phone

(c)- She confesses before him

(d)- None of these

21- Jude the Obscure had been very controversial novel. Hardy gave up novel writing on account of hostile reception. Finally he took shelter in:

(a)- Poetry*

(b)- Drama

(c)- Short Story

(d)- None of these

22- Egdon Heath becomes a part of the conflict, patent and variable as a human character. In which novel does it appear?

(a)- The Mayor of Casterbridge

(b)- The Return of the Native*

(c)- Jude the Obscure

(d)- None of these

23- Who returns to Egdon Heath and decides to become a schoolmaster?

(a)- Henchard

(b)- Farfrae

(c)- Clym Yeobright*

(d)- Gabriel Oak

24- Who wants to marry Thomasin in the novel The Return of the Native?

(a)- Diggory Venn, the reddleman*

(b)- Damon Wildeve

(c)- Clym Yeobright

(d)- None of these

25- Who brings a gold finch at marriage of Elizabeth Jane in the novel The Mayor of Casterbridge?

(a)- Henchard*

(b)- Farfrae

(c)- Abel Whittle

(d)- None of these

26- “Done because we are too many” The famous line appears in:

(a)- A Pair of Blue Eyes

(b)- Desperate Remedies

(c)- Jude the Obscure*

(d)- None of these

27- The wealthy widow in The Wood Landers is:

(a)- Grace Melbury

(b)- Lucetta

(c)- Felice Charmond*

(d)- None of these

28- Tess is arrested on the charge of murder and is ultimately sentenced to death. Whom does she kill?

(a)- Abel

(b)- Oak

(c)- Alec*

(d)- None of these

29- Jude falls in love with a woman of animal passion. Who is she?

(a)- Sue Bridehood

(b)- Bathsheba

(c)- Arabella Donn*

(d)- None of these

30- Whose daughter is Tess?

(a)- Henchard

(b)- Jude

(c)- John Durbyfield *

(d)- None of these

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